The electrostatic double layer (EDL) effect on the linear hydrodynamic stability of microchannel flows is investigated. It is shown that the EDL destabilizes the Poiseuille flow considerably. The critical Reynolds number decreases by a factor five when the non-dimensional Debye-Huckel parameter κ is around ten. Thus, the transition may be quite rapid for microchannels of a couple of microns heights in particular when the liquid contains a very small number of ions. The EDL effect disappears quickly for corresponding typically to channels of heights 400 μm or larger. These results may explain why significantly low critical Reynolds numbers have been encountered in some experiments dealing with microchannel flows.
Interfacial Electrokinetic Effect on the Microchannel Flow Linear Stability
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division May 16, 2003; revised manuscript received September 11, 2003. Associate Editor: J. S. Marshall.
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Tardu, S. (February 19, 2004). "Interfacial Electrokinetic Effect on the Microchannel Flow Linear Stability ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. January 2004; 126(1): 10–13. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1637927
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