Circular plunging jets were studied by both void fraction and acoustic techniques. There were two aims: to measure the structure of the jet flow and its regimes as a function of jet speed and free-jet length; and to develop and validate the acoustic measurement technique in the developing flow. Void fractions and bubble count rates were measured in the developing shear layer of a large-size plunging jet The data compared well with a solution of an advective diffusion equation and showed an increased air entrainment rate with increasing free-jet length for The acoustic data were processed by a novel technique to extract both bubble count and bubble size data. Three plunging jet flow regimes were noted. Near inception, acoustic pulses are isolated and indicate individual bubble entrainment as observable visually. Above a characteristic jet velocity, the number of the bubble pulses increases sharply although bubbles are still produced intermittently. At higher velocities, bubble production becomes quasi-continuous. The study suggests that an acoustic technique calibrated through detailed laboratory measurements can provide useful, absolute data in high-void fraction flows. The robust acoustic sensor can then be used in hostile industrial or environmental flows where more delicate instruments are impractical.
Air Entrainment Processes in a Circular Plunging Jet: Void-Fraction and Acoustic Measurements
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division Oct. 16, 2001; revised manuscript received Mar. 10, 2003. Associate Editor: L. Mondy.
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Chanson, H., and Manasseh, R. (October 7, 2003). "Air Entrainment Processes in a Circular Plunging Jet: Void-Fraction and Acoustic Measurements ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2003; 125(5): 910–921. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1595672
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