The present work deals with the experimental investigation of entrainment characteristics of confined/semiconfined circular and noncircular jets. The jet fluid, after issuing out of a nozzle of circular or noncircular cross section, enters a circular mixing tube of larger area, and during this process it entrains some ambient fluid into the mixing tube. The flow is incompressible and isothermal at a jet Reynolds number of 7200. The experimental results obtained in the study are first validated with the approximate theoretical analysis of Pritchard et al. (1997) and also with the similarity solution proposed by Becker et al. (1963) for circular nozzles. It is observed that the similarity solution is applicable for circular as well as noncircular jets in the region close to the jet axis and away from the nozzle exit plane. The entrainment ratio increases to a maximum value as the jet location is shifted away from the tube inlet; for the configurations studied, enhancement up to 30% has been observed in the entrainment ratio with shift in jet location. For a smaller mixing tube diameter and jet located at the inlet of the mixing tube, the circular jet entrains more than noncircular jets. For a larger mixing tube or shifted jet locations, the noncircular jets entrain more of ambient fluid, in general. Among the different noncircular geometries considered, the jet having the cross section of an isosceles triangle causes maximum entrainment.
Mixing and Entrainment Characteristics of Circular and Noncircular Confined Jets
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division Apr. 25, 2002; revised manuscript received Mar. 3, 2003. Associate Editor: M. O¨tu¨gen.
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Singh, G., Sundararajan, T., and Bhaskaran, K. A. (October 7, 2003). "Mixing and Entrainment Characteristics of Circular and Noncircular Confined Jets ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2003; 125(5): 835–842. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1595676
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