Experimental measurements of the mean velocity profile in a canonical turbulent boundary layer are obtained for four different surface roughness conditions, as well as a smooth wall, at moderate Reynolds numbers in a wind tunnel. The mean streamwise velocity component is fitted to a correlation which allows both the strength of the wake, Π, and friction velocity, to vary. The results show that the type of surface roughness affects the mean defect profile in the outer region of the turbulent boundary layer, as well as determining the value of the skin friction. The defect profiles normalized by the friction velocity were approximately independent of Reynolds number, while those normalized using the free stream velocity were not. The fact that the outer flow is significantly affected by the specific roughness characteristics at the wall implies that rough wall boundary layers are more complex than the wall similarity hypothesis would allow.
The Effects of Surface Roughness on the Mean Velocity Profile in a Turbulent Boundary Layer
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division May 23, 2000; revised manuscript received January 30, 2002. Associate Editor: D. R. Williams.
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Bergstrom, D. J., Kotey, N. A., and Tachie, M. F. (August 19, 2002). "The Effects of Surface Roughness on the Mean Velocity Profile in a Turbulent Boundary Layer ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2002; 124(3): 664–670. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1493810
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