The aim of this study was to investigate first departures from laminar conditions in both impulsively started and steady pipe entrance flows. Wall shear stress measurements were conducted of transition in impulsively started pipe flows with large disturbances. These results were reconciled in a framework of displacement thickness Reynolds number and a velocity profile shape parameter, with existing measurements of pipe entrance flow instability, pipe-Poiseuille and boundary layer flow responses to large disturbances, and linear stability predictions. Limiting critical Reynolds number variations for each type of flow were thus inferred, corresponding to the small and gross disturbance limits respectively. Consequently, insights have been provided regarding the effect of disturbance levels on the stability of both steady and unsteady pipe flows.
The Effect of Finite Amplitude Disturbance Magnitude on Departures From Laminar Conditions in Impulsively Started and Steady Pipe Entrance Flows
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division February 16, 1999, revised manuscript received November 7, 2001. Associate Editors: S. Banerjee and J. Katz.
Moss, E. A., and Abbot, A. H. (November 7, 2001). "The Effect of Finite Amplitude Disturbance Magnitude on Departures From Laminar Conditions in Impulsively Started and Steady Pipe Entrance Flows ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 2002; 124(1): 235–240. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1445137
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