The bifurcation structure of viscous flow in curved square ducts is studied numerically and the stability of solutions on various solution branches is examined extensively. The solution structure of the flow is determined using the Euler-Newton continuation, the arc-length continuation, and the local parameterization continuation scheme. Test function and branch switch technique are used to monitor the bifurcation points in each continuation step and to switch branches. Up to 6 solution branches are found for the case of a flow in the curved square channel within the parameter range under consideration. Among them, three are new. The flow patterns on various bifurcation branches are also examined. A direct transient calculation is made to determine the stability of various solution branches. The results indicate that, within the scope of the present work, at given set of parameter values, the arbitrary initial disturbances lead all solutions to the same state. In addition to stable steady two-vortex solutions and temporally periodic solutions, intermittent and chaotic oscillations are discovered within a certain region of the parameter space. Temporal intermittency that is periodic for certain time intervals manifests itself by bursts of aperiodic oscillations of finite duration. After the burst, a new periodic phase starts, and so on. The intermittency serves as one of the routes for the onset of chaos. The results show that the chaotic flow in the curved channel develops through the intermittency. The chaotic oscillations appear when the number of bursts becomes large. The calculations also show that transient solutions on various bifurcation branches oscillate chaotically about the common equilibrium states at a high value of the dynamic parameter.
Solution Structure and Stability of Viscous Flow in Curved Square Ducts
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division February 9, 2000; revised manuscript received June 5, 2001. Associate Editor: P. E. Raad.
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Yang, T., and Wang, L. (June 5, 2001). "Solution Structure and Stability of Viscous Flow in Curved Square Ducts ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. December 2001; 123(4): 863–868. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1412457
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