The flow past a square cylinder at a Reynolds number of 20,000 has been simulated through direct calculations and through the calculations using turbulence model. The present investigation highlights significant differences between the two approaches in terms of time-averaged flow, Strouhal number, and aerodynamic forces. The time-averaged drag coefficient and the rms fluctuations due to the direct calculations are higher than those due to the turbulence model. However, Strouhal number is underpredicted in the direct calculations. The effect of shear on the flow has also been determined using the turbulence model. The time-averaged drag coefficient is found to decrease with the increase in shear parameter up to a certain value. Then it increases with the further increase in the shear parameter. On the other hand, lift coefficient increases with the increase in shear parameter. Strouhal number shows a decreasing trend with the increase in shear parameter whereas the rms values of drag and lift coefficients increase with the shear parameter. The Ka´rma´n vortex street, mainly comprising clockwise vortices due to shear, decays slowly compared to the uniform flow condition.
Two-Dimensional Study of the Turbulent Wake Behind a Square Cylinder Subject to Uniform Shear
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division July 31, 2000; revised manuscript received May 1, 2001. Associate Editor: P. W. Bearman.
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Saha , A. K., Biswas , G., and Muralidhar, K. (May 1, 2001). "Two-Dimensional Study of the Turbulent Wake Behind a Square Cylinder Subject to Uniform Shear ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2001; 123(3): 595–603. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1383549
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