An experimental study was undertaken to investigate the characteristics of turbulent boundary layers developing on smooth flat plate in an open channel flow at moderately high Froude numbers (0.25<Fr<1.1) and low momentum thickness Reynolds numbers The low range of Reynolds numbers and the high Froude number range make the study important, as most other studies of this type have been conducted at high Reynolds numbers and lower Froude numbers (∼0.1). Velocity measurements were carried out using a laser-Doppler anemometer equipped with a beam expansion device to enable measurements close to the wall region. The shear velocities were computed using the near-wall measurements in the viscous subregion. The variables of interest include the longitudinal mean velocity, the turbulence intensity, and the velocity skewness and flatness distributions across the boundary layer. The applicability of a constant Coles’ wake parameter (Π=0.55) to open channel flows has been discounted. The effect of the Froude number on the above parameters was also examined.
A Study on Turbulent Boundary Layers on a Smooth Flat Plate in an Open Channel
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division March 1, 2000; revised manuscript received January 29, 2001. Associate Editor: D. R. Williams.
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Balachandar, R., Blakely, D., Tachie, M., and Putz, G. (January 29, 2001). "A Study on Turbulent Boundary Layers on a Smooth Flat Plate in an Open Channel ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2001; 123(2): 394–400. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1366321
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