The flow around two in-line surface-mounted cubes in a thin laminar boundary layer was experimentally investigated as a function of obstacle spacing for a Reynolds number of 22,000 based on approach velocity and cube height. Mean velocity measurements with Laser Doppler Velocimetry and surface flow patterns, obtained with an oil film technique, show that three distinct mean flow field structures exist based on obstacle spacing. Frequency spectra of velocity and surface pressure fluctuations reveal that these structures are related to three regimes of wake flow periodicity. For small spacings, the shear layer separating from the first cube reattaches on the sides of the second obstacle and wake periodicity can only be detected in the wake of the downstream cube. For a critical spacing range, the fluctuations in the gap and wake lock-in. For larger spacings, a second horseshoe vortex appears at the windward base of the second cube. Observations using dye-injection and smoke-wire techniques are consistent with these results. [S0098-2202(00)02401-9]
Turbulent Flow Around Two Interfering Surface-Mounted Cubic Obstacles in Tandem Arrangement
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division December 14, 1998; revised manuscript received November 30, 1999. Associate Technical Editor: P. W. Bearman.
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Martinuzzi, R. J., and Havel, B. (November 30, 1999). "Turbulent Flow Around Two Interfering Surface-Mounted Cubic Obstacles in Tandem Arrangement ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 2000; 122(1): 24–31. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.483222
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