Measurements of mean velocities, turbulence intensities, and Reynolds stresses are presented for spatially periodic flows in a duct of width-to-height ratio 2 with a detached solid-rib array. The Reynolds number based on the duct hydraulic diameter and cross-sectional bulk mean velocity (Ub), the pitch to rib-height ratio, and the rib-height to duct-height ratio were 2 × 104, 10, and 0.133, respectively. The rib-detached-distance to rib-height ratio was varied from 0 to 3.25 (duct axis) to study its effect on wake length and asymmetry, convective velocity and turbulent kinetic energy immediately behind the rib, maximum turbulent shear stress, and turbulence anisotropy. The results showed that the dominant fluid dynamic factors responsible for the reported peak values of local Nusselt number around the detached rib could be identified. Moreover, the turbulence structure parameter distribution and anisotropy were analyzed to examine the basic assumptions embedded in the turbulence models. Furthermore, the secondary-flow mean velocities were found to be one to two order of magnitude smaller than Ub.

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