An extension of the k-ε model for bubbly two-phase flow is proposed and tested against experimental data. The basic assumption made is that the shear-induced turbulence and bubble-induced turbulence may be linearly superposed. This assumption results in a model with two time constants that matches both homogeneous two-phase turbulence data (Lance and Bataille, 1991) and pipe data (Serizawa, 1986). The coefficients of the single-phase k-ε model have not been modified and only one additional coefficient is required: the virtual volume coefficient of the bubbles, which may be determined from first principles. This model not only agrees with the data trends, but it also predicts the turbulence suppression which has been measured for high Reynolds number bubbly air/water flows in pipes.

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