The flow field around surface-mounted, prismatic obstacles with different spanwise dimensions was investigated using the crystal violet, oil-film and laser-sheet visualization techniques as well as by static pressure measurements. The aim of this study is to highlight the fundamental differences between nominally two-dimensional and fully three-dimensional obstacle flows. All experiments were performed in a fully developed channel flow. The Reynolds number, based on the height of the channel, lay between 8 × 104 and 1.2 × 105. Results show that the middle region of the wake is nominally two-dimensional for width-to-height ratios (W/H) greater than 6. The separated region in front of wider obstacles is characterized by the appearance of a quasi-regular distribution of saddle and nodal points on the forward face of the obstacles. These three-dimensional effects are considered to be inherent to such separating flows with stagnation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.