An optical interferometric technique has been used to determine the 3-D shape of cavitation erosion pits. The method which is particularly suitable to the determination of pit diameter and pit depth is used for a statistical analysis of cavitation erosion pits. We analyzed numerous samples which were eroded at various velocities with two different fluids (mercury and water) on two geometrically similar venturi test sections of different length scales. General properties of histograms of pit size are pointed out. The influence of flow velocity on pitting rates corresponding to limited ranges of pit size is discussed. The contribution of each pit diameter to the total eroded surface is analyzed. Some results are given on pit depths and pit volumes.

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