Sprays from an injector with a conical oscillating poppet and supplied with fuel at injection rates similar to those used in direct-injection stratified-charge engines have been characterized. Instantaneous injection pressure and poppet lift were measured and short-exposure backlit photographs were taken at several times during injection. Spray axial tip penetration and velocity were determined from the photographs. The experiments were conducted in a constant-volume pressure vessel. The gas was nitrogen and the liquid was hexane. The gas temperature was either 25° or 55°C. The experiments included a systematic variation of the ambient pressure, pump speed and injected liquid volume. It was found that the structure of the spray was strongly affected by the chamber pressure. The hollow cone collapsed and injection duration, spray axial initial velocity and tip penetration decreased with increasing chamber pressure. Increasing pump speed decreased both injection duration and number of oscillations.

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