The aerodynamic characteristics of free, swirling, coaxial jets issuing from an air model of a typical burner for pulverized bituminous coal have been studied. Detailed measurements of mean velocity and static pressure have been obtained in the region near the nozzle exit. The boundary of the reverse-flow zone has been mapped and the recirculated-mass flowrate measured in order to quantify the effects of velocity ratio and swirl in the primary and secondary jets. The influence of burner geometry (divergent-nozzle length and centre-line blockage) has also been studied. The type of flow pattern is found to depend upon the level of swirl in the primary and secondary jets. The recirculated-mass flowrate is predominantly influenced by secondary swirl. The measurements have been compared with predictions obtained by numerical solution of the governing conservation equations in orthogonal curvilinear co-ordinates. The general features of the flows are adequately predicted although discrepancies in detail seem to indicate deficiencies in the turbulence model.

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