A viscous-inviscid interaction scheme has been developed for computing steady incompressible laminar and turbulent flows in two-dimensional duct expansions. The viscous flow solutions are obtained by solving the boundary-layer equations inversely in a coupled manner by a finite-difference scheme; the inviscid flow is computed by numerically solving the Laplace equation for streamfunction using an ADI finite-difference procedure. The viscous and inviscid solutions are matched iteratively along displacement surfaces. Details of the procedure are presented in the present paper (Part 1), along with example applications to separated flows. The results compare favorably with experimental data. Applications to turbulent flows over a rearward-facing step are described in a companion paper (Part 2).

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