Measured values of the velocity characteristics of turbulent, confined, coaxial-jet flows have been obtained, without swirl, for ratios of maximum annulus to pipe velocities of 1.0 and 3.0 and with a swirl number of 0.23 for a velocity ratio of 3.0. They were obtained by a combination of pressure probes, hot-wire and laser-Doppler anemometry. The results are compared with calculations, based on the solution of finite-difference forms of the steady, Navier-Stokes equations, and an effective-viscosity hypothesis. The measurements allow the influence of confinement and swirl to be quantified and show, for example, the increased tendency towards centerline recirculation which results from both. The results with the three types of instrumentation allow a comparison within the corner recirculation region which reveals that serious errors of interpretation of mean-velocity measurements need not arise. The two-equation model, although able to represent the non-swirling flow is less appropriate to the swirling flow and the reasons are indicated.

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