A one-equation turbulence model was applied to forecast the main features of fully-developed turbulent flow through infinite equilateral triangular arrays of parallel rods having pitch-to-diameter ratios of 1.12 – 1.35 and Reynolds numbers of (2.7 – 25) × 104. For all cases, the secondary flow was found to be a single cell of circulation for each primary flow cell of a subchannel. The strength of the secondary flow increased with Reynolds number but decreased with rod spacing. The numerical results (which included friction factors, wall shear stress variations and axial velocity distributions) are shown to be in reasonable agreement with published experimental data.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.