Abstract

This article aims to study numerically the effect of curvature of linear blade profile on the performance of small-scale horizontal axis wind turbine (SSHAWT). Rotors with two curvature types, f forward angles 5 deg, 10 deg, 15 deg, 20 deg, 30 deg, and 45 deg and backward angles −5 deg, −10 deg, and −15 deg, are investigated. Furthermore, three curvature positions of r/R = 0.8, 0.9, and 0.95 are studied. The numerical simulations are performed on rotors of radius 0.5 m at different wind speeds. The results are compared with straight rotor of linear profiles of chord and twist, which is considered as base rotor. It is found that the rotor with forward curvature of 5 deg and r/R = 0.9 has the highest power coefficient compared with the other rotors. At the peak performance, the proposed rotor reduces the axial thrust by about 12.5% compared with the base rotor. The flow behavior represented by the streamlines contours is also discussed. In such case, the separation approximately disappeared for the tip speed ratios of 5 and 6, which is responsible for the performance peak.

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