The present work is an experimental investigation that aims at studying the effects of different fuel additives on the soot volume fraction and temperature in a well-defined vertical laminar diffusion flame configuration, and these additives include a diluent (argon) that suppresses the formation of soot and a soot promoter (acetylene) that accelerates and intensifies the soot formation. Three different measuring techniques are employed throughout the whole experimental program, namely, a high-resolution digital camera (up to 3.7 fps) for flame visualization, a bare wire Pt/Pt-13% rhodium fine thermocouple of 15 µm wire diameter for measuring the mean gas temperature inside the flame region and a laser system for measuring the in-flame soot volume fraction. The results indicated that the soot inception zone (deep dark parabolic shape) occurs at the immediate vicinity of the burner. The soot oxidation zone is characterized by high luminosity, and it begins after the fuel is largely consumed. The increased percentages of acetylene in the fuel mixture would lead to extending the length of this zone to ultimately occupy the whole visible flame length, where the luminosity becomes independent of the amount of soot. The temperature within the soot surface growth zone (orange color) continues increasing but at a lower rate that reflects the domination of diffusion combustion mode. Limited partial oxidation may be anticipated within this zone due to the relatively high temperature, which is not high enough to cause luminosity of the soot particles.
An Investigation of Soot Volume Fraction and Temperature for Natural Gas Laminar Diffusion Flame Established From a Honeycomb Gaseous Burner
Present address: Badr University in Cairo, Cairo 11718, Egypt.
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received November 22, 2018; final manuscript received June 18, 2019; published online July 18, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Reza Sheikhi.
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Ibrahim, M. M., Attia, A., Emara, A., and Moneib, H. A. (July 18, 2019). "An Investigation of Soot Volume Fraction and Temperature for Natural Gas Laminar Diffusion Flame Established From a Honeycomb Gaseous Burner." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. January 2020; 142(1): 012202. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4044123
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