Drillstrings that include one or more axial oscillation tools (AOTs) are referred to as axial oscillation-supported drillstrings. Downhole vibrations induced by these tools in the drillstring are the most efficient method for friction reduction and improving axial force transfer in high-angle and extended-reach wells. Functional testing of axial oscillation tools prior to downhole operations and modeling the dynamic response of axial oscillation-supported drillstring systems are required to predict the performance and functionality of AOTs. This study presents a practical approach for functional testing of axial oscillation tools and a new analytical model for predicting the dynamic response of axial oscillation-supported drillstrings operating at surface conditions. The axial oscillation-supported drillstring is modeled as an elastic continuous system subjected to viscous damping, frictional contact, and displacement (support excitation). The functional test is a unique experimental test procedure designed to measure the pressure drop, pressure fluctuations, and axial displacement of an axial oscillation tool while varying the flow rate and the spring rate of the tool. The introduction of the spring rate as a variable in the new model and functional testing is unique to this study and not considered in the existing literature. Axial displacement and acceleration predicted from the new model closely agrees with the results obtained from the functional tests. The accuracy of the model is also validated with the results of two previously published functional tests. The comparisons demonstrate an average deviation of approximately 14.5% between predictions and measurements. The axial displacement and pressure drop of AOT increased with flow rate or oscillation frequency. The amplitude of axial displacement increased with frequency because of increased pressure drop.
Practical Approach to Functional Testing and Analytical Modeling of Axial Oscillation-Supported Drillstrings
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Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received September 17, 2018; final manuscript received March 15, 2019; published online April 4, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Gensheng Li.
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Omojuwa, E., Ahmed, R., and Acquaye, J. (April 4, 2019). "Practical Approach to Functional Testing and Analytical Modeling of Axial Oscillation-Supported Drillstrings." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2019; 141(9): 092906. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043245
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