Cement failure is known as one of the major causes for loss of well control events. Cement design is considered as one of the top technological knowledge gaps in high-pressure high-temperature oil and gas exploration. The primary objective of this paper is to perform a parametric analysis and identify critical parameters affecting the mechanical integrity of the set cement sheath. To achieve the objective, three-dimensional finite element models consisting of concentric casings and annular cement sheath were created. The finite element model was validated by analytical calculations. Performance of cement sheath was assessed by analyzing radial, hoop, and maximum shear stresses at different loading conditions. A parametric study was conducted by individually varying influencing factors such as cement material properties, sheath dimensions, and wellbore pressure loads. Values of all parameters were normalized and represented on the same plot against mechanical stresses. Such response curves can be used to estimate whether cement will structurally fail because of various operational loads or material aging. The plot can also be utilized to rank various factors in terms of influence on cement’s performance. Sensitivity response reveals that wellbore pressure, cement material properties, and annulus pressure are major parameters influencing mechanical stresses in neat class G cement. The order of importance depends on the type of stress. Results indicate interfacial bond failure and radial cracking to be the more likely modes of failure for class G cement. Cement response curves can help design engineers and regulators alike in quickly evaluating short-term or long-term fitness-for-service of cement sheath from the perspective of structural integrity. Industry standards and guidelines can be improved by adding performance curves for standard cement recipes.
Development of an Advanced Finite Element Model and Parametric Study to Evaluate Cement Sheath Barrier
Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received January 24, 2019; final manuscript received March 6, 2019; published online March 27, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.
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Patel, H., and Salehi, S. (March 27, 2019). "Development of an Advanced Finite Element Model and Parametric Study to Evaluate Cement Sheath Barrier." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2019; 141(9): 092902. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043137
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