Electrical submersible pumps (ESPs) are widely used in upstream oil production. The presence of a low concentration solid phase, particle-laden flow, in the production fluid may cause severe damage in the internal sections of the pump which reduces its operating lifetime. To better understand the ESP pump's endurance, two different designs of commonly used mixed flow ESPs were studied numerically to determine the pump's flow behavior at its best efficiency point. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis was conducted on two stages of one design type of pump's primary flow path employing Eulerian–Granular scheme in ANSYS FLUENT. The key parameters affecting the erosion phenomena within the pump such as turbulence kinetic energy, local sand concentration, and near wall relative sand velocity were identified. The predictive erosion model applicable to pumps was developed by correlating the erosion key parameters with available experimental results. It is concluded that the use of an erosion model on the second design of ESP proves the model's versatility to predict the erosion on different designs of ESPs.

References

References
1.
Lyczkowski
,
R.
, and
Bouillard
,
J.
,
2002
, “
State-of-the-Art Review of Erosion Modeling in Fluid/Solids Systems
,”
Prog. Energy Combust. Sci.
,
28
(
6
), pp.
543
602
.
2.
Finnie
,
I.
,
1960
, “
Erosion of Surfaces by Solid Particles
,”
Wear
,
3
(
2
), pp.
87
103
.
3.
Bitter
,
J. G. A.
,
1963
, “
A Study of Erosion Phenomena Part I
,”
Wear
,
6
(
1
), pp.
5
21
.
4.
Ding
,
J.
, and
Gidaspow
,
D. A.
,
1990
, “
Bubbling Model Using Kinetic Theory of Granular Flow
,”
AICHE J.
,
36
(
4
), pp.
523
38
.
5.
Ding
,
J.
, and
Lyczkowski
,
R.
,
1992
, “
Three-Dimensional Kinetic Theory Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Erosion in Fluidized Beds
,”
Powder Technol.
,
73
(
2
), pp.
127
138
.
6.
Cody
,
G. D.
,
Goldfarb
,
D. J.
,
Storch
,
G. V.
, and
Norris
,
A. N.
,
1996
, “
Particle Granular Temperature in Gas Fluidized Beds
,”
Powder Technol.
,
87
(
3
), pp.
211
232
.
7.
Chen
,
X.
,
McLaury
,
B.
, and
Shirazi
,
A.
,
2005
, “
A Comprehensive Procedure to Estimate Erosion in Elbows for Gas/Liquid/Sand Multiphase Flow
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
128
(
1
), pp.
70
78
.
8.
Edwards
,
J.
,
McLaury
,
B.
, and
Shirazi
,
S.
,
2001
, “
Modeling Solid Particle Erosion in Elbows and Plugged Tees
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
123
(
4
), pp.
277
284
.
9.
Mazumder
,
Q.
,
McLaury
,
B.
, and
Shirazi
,
S.
,
2008
, “
Prediction of Solid Particles Erosive Wear of Elbows in Multiphase Annuler Flow-Model Development and Experimental Validations
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
130
(
2
), p.
023001
.
10.
McLaury
,
B.
,
Shirazi
,
S.
,
Viswanathan
,
V.
,
Mazumder
,
Q.
, and
Santos
,
G.
,
2011
, “
Distribution of Sand Particles in Horizontal and Vertical Annuler Multiphase Flow in Pipes and the Effect on Sand Erosion
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
133
(
2
), p.
023001
.
11.
Li
,
J.
,
Guo
,
B.
, and
Ling
,
K.
,
2013
, “
Flow Diverting for Reducing Wellbore Erosion in GasDrilling Shale Gas Wells
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
135
(
3
), p.
031501
.
12.
Kesana
,
N.
,
Grubb
,
S.
,
McLaury
,
B.
, and
Shirazi
,
S.
,
2013
, “
Ultrasonic Measurement of Multiphase Flow Erosion Patterns in a Standard Elbow
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
135
(
3
), p.
032905
.
13.
Barrios
,
L.
, and
Prado
,
M. G.
,
2011
, “
Experimental Visualization of Two-Phase Flow Inside an Electrical Submersible Pump Stage
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
133
(
4
), p.
042901
.
14.
Pirouzpanah
,
S.
,
Gudigopuram
,
S. R.
, and
Morrison
,
G. L.
,
2017
, “
Two-phase Flow Characterization in a Split Vane Impeller Electrical Submersible Pump
,”
J. Pet. Sci. Eng.
,
148
, pp.
82
93
.
15.
Morrison
,
G.
,
Wenjie
,
Y.
,
Agarwal
,
R.
, and
Patil
,
A.
,
2018
, “
Development of Modified Affinity Law for Centrifugal Pump to Predict the Effect of Viscosity
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
140
(
9
), p.
092005
.
16.
Patil
,
A.
, and
Morrison
,
G.
,
2018
, “
Affinity Law Modified to Predict the Pump Performance for Different Viscosities Using the Morrison Number
,”
ASME J. Fluids Eng.
,
141
(
2
), p.
021203
.
17.
Zhong
,
Y.
, and
Minemura
,
K.
,
1996
, “
Measurement of Erosion due to Particle Impingement and Numerical Prediction of Wear in Pump Casing
,”
Wear
,
199
, pp.
36
44
.
18.
Kruger
,
S.
,
Martin
,
N.
, and
Dupont
,
P.
,
2010
, “
Assessment of Wear Erosion in Pump Impellers
,”
Proceedings of the 26th International Pump Users Symposium
,
Houston
.
19.
Noon
,
A.A.
, and
Kim
,
M.-H.
,
2016
, “
Erosion Wear on Centrifugal Pump Casing Due to Slurry Flow
,”
Wear
,
364–365
, pp.
103
111
.
20.
Morrison
,
G.
,
Carvajal
,
N.
,
Saleh
,
R.
, and
Bai
,
C.
,
2015
, “
The Measured Impact of Erosion on the Rotodynamic and Performance Characteristics of a Mixed Flow ESP
,”
Proceedings of the 31st International Pump Users Symposium
,
Houston
.
21.
Marsis
,
E.
,
2012
, “
CFD Simulation and Experimental Testing of Multiphase Flow Inside the MVP Electrical Submersible Pump
,” Ph.D.,
Texas A&M University
.
You do not currently have access to this content.