Improvement of the aerodynamic performance for cambered airfoils with leading-edge slots is investigated in this work. This concept is proven both computationally and experimentally in recent years. Five design variables of interest are slot's length, slot's width or thickness, inlet angle, exit angle, and the vertical position. The objective is to perform design of experiment and optimization studies on these variables and evaluate the behavior of the objective functions, namely lift and lift over drag ratio (LoD), within the appropriate ranges of the independent variables. Simulations are mainly carried out at the Reynolds number of 1.6 × 106 and the angles of attack (AoA) of 6 deg for NACA 4412 airfoil. However, some of the analyses are repeated at Reynolds number of 3.2 × 106 and AoA of 0 and 8 deg to show the scalability of the results. Results indicate that the proper selection of three of the design variables, i.e., length, inlet angle, and vertical position, can have a significant impact on both lift and LoD, while the other two variables seem less influential. For the combination of the operating conditions and the values of the design variables considered in this investigation, a LoD improvement as large as 11% is observed.
Multivariable Analysis of Aerodynamic Forces on Slotted Airfoils for Wind Turbine Blades
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 17, 2018; final manuscript received February 17, 2019; published online April 10, 2019. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.
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Beyhaghi, S., and Amano, R. S. (April 10, 2019). "Multivariable Analysis of Aerodynamic Forces on Slotted Airfoils for Wind Turbine Blades." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. May 2019; 141(5): 051214. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042914
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