The water invasion property and water drive gas displacement efficiency of water drive gas reservoirs are studied under different displacement pressure gradients by using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) online detection technology to better guide the scientific exploration of these reservoirs. The breakthrough pressures of the water seal and water lock are also analyzed. The results show that low-permeability gas reservoir water bodies pass through large pores preferentially and then pass through holes and small pores. The remaining gas is mainly distributed in holes and small pores. In contrast, high-permeability gas reservoir water bodies pass through large pores and holes preferentially, and the remaining gas is mainly distributed in large pores and small pores. As the permeability increases, the water drive gas displacement efficiency decreases. As the displacement pressure gradient increases, the displacement efficiency initially increases and then decreases. The breakthrough pressures of the water seal and water lock are highly affected by the permeability. Large permeability results in easy water breakthrough. Variations in the water invasion and water drive gas displacement efficiency are consistent with the variations of the breakthrough pressure and accurately reflect the properties of water drive gas reservoirs.

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