The program involves the application of a novel gasification concept, termed a modular allothermal gasifier (MAG) to produce syngas from coal, biomass, and waste slurries. The MAG employs a steam-driven gasification process using a pressurized entrained flow reactor wherein the external wall surfaces are catalytically heated to 1000 °C via heterogeneous combustion of a portion of the produced syngas. The MAG can be fed by a hydrothermal treatment reactor for biomass and waste feedstocks, which employs well-developed hydrothermal processing technology using the addition of heat and water to provide a uniform slurry product. The hydrothermal treatment reactor requires no preprocessing and a clean syngas is produced at high cold gas efficiency (80%). Importantly, the MAG can operate over a wide range of positive pressures up to 3 MPa (30 bar) which provides process control to vary the output to match end-use needs or feedstock rate. The system produces minimal emissions and operates at significantly higher efficiency and lower energy requirements than pyrolysis, plasma gasification, and carbonization systems. The system is compact and modular, making it easily transportable, for example, to a variety of sites, including those where remoteness, inaccessibility, and space limitations would preclude competing systems. The system can be applied to small gasification systems without the increase in heat losses that plague conventional small scale gasifiers. Test results and model simulations are presented on a single tube system and analyses of a variety of configurations presented.
Advanced Concepts in Modular Coal and Biomass Gasifiers
Chemical Engineering Department,
The City College of New York,
City University of New York,
140th Street | Convent Avenue Steinman Hall,
New York, NY 10031
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 10, 2016; final manuscript received May 29, 2018; published online August 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Ronald Breault.
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Dooher, J. P., Castaldi, M. J., and Modroukas, D. P. (August 9, 2018). "Advanced Concepts in Modular Coal and Biomass Gasifiers." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. January 2019; 141(1): 012001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040526
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