The injection of CO2 has been in global use for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) as it can improve oil production in mature fields. It also has environmental benefits for reducing greenhouse carbon by permanently sequestrating CO2 (carbon capture and storage (CCS)) in reservoirs. As a part of numerical studies, this work proposed a novel application of an artificial neural network (ANN) to forecast the performance of a water-alternating-CO2 process and effectively manage the injected CO2 in a combined CCS–EOR project. Three targets including oil recovery, net CO2 storage, and cumulative gaseous CO2 production were quantitatively simulated by three separate ANN models for a series of injection frames of 5, 15, 25, and 35 cycles. The concurrent estimations of a sequence of outputs have shown a relevant application in scheduling the injection process based on the progressive profile of the targets. For a specific surface design, an increment of 5.8% oil recovery and 4% net CO2 storage was achieved from 25 cycles to 35 cycles, suggesting ending the injection at 25 cycles. Using the models, distinct optimizations were also computed for oil recovery and net CO2 sequestration in various reservoir conditions. The results expressed a maximum oil recovery from 22% to 30% oil in place (OIP) and around 21,000–29,000 tons of CO2 trapped underground after 35 cycles if the injection began at 60% water saturation. The new approach presented in this study of applying an ANN is obviously effective in forecasting and managing the entire CO2 injection process instead of a single output as presented in previous studies.
Effective Prediction and Management of a CO2 Flooding Process for Enhancing Oil Recovery Using Artificial Neural Networks
Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 27, 2017; final manuscript received September 15, 2017; published online October 19, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Esmail M. A. Mokheimer.
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Van, S. L., and Chon, B. H. (October 19, 2017). "Effective Prediction and Management of a CO2 Flooding Process for Enhancing Oil Recovery Using Artificial Neural Networks." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. March 2018; 140(3): 032906. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038054
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