Heavy oil is an important hydrocarbon resource that plays a great role in petroleum supply for the world. Co-injection of steam and flue gas can be used to develop deep heavy oil reservoirs. In this paper, a series of gas dissolution experiments were implemented to analyze the properties variation of heavy oil. Then, sand-pack flooding experiments were carried out to optimize injection temperature and injection volume of this mixture. Finally, three-dimensional (3D) flooding experiments were completed to analyze the sweep efficiency and the oil recovery factor of flue gas + steam flooding. The role in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) mechanisms was summarized according to the experimental results. The results show that the dissolution of flue gas in heavy oil can largely reduce oil viscosity and its displacement efficiency is obviously higher than conventional steam injection. Flue gas gradually gathers at the top to displace remaining oil and to decrease heat loss of the reservoir top. The ultimate recovery is 49.49% that is 7.95% higher than steam flooding.
The Experimental Analysis of the Role of Flue Gas Injection for Horizontal Well Steam Flooding
Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 10, 2016; final manuscript received March 22, 2018; published online May 15, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Mohamed A. Habib.
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Pang, Z., Qi, P., Zhang, F., Ge, T., and Liu, H. (May 15, 2018). "The Experimental Analysis of the Role of Flue Gas Injection for Horizontal Well Steam Flooding." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. October 2018; 140(10): 102902. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039870
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