The effects of CO2 injection pressure (PCO2) on CO2 dispersion and the mechanism of CO2–CH4 displacement in a shale sampled from Changning of China were studied. Results indicated that Coats–Smith dispersion–capacitance model gave a reasonable simulated result to the breakthrough curves of CO2 under different injection pressures. The shapes of CO2 breakthrough curves became more asymmetrical with the increase of CO2 injection pressure. A higher CO2 injection pressure caused early CO2 breakthrough and reduced the recovery of CH4 at CO2 breakthrough (Rpipeline-CH4), but improved the ultimate displaced CH4 amount (Rultimate-CH4). With the increase of CO2 injection pressure, dispersion coefficient (Kd) increased nearly exponentially. A larger Kd led to a lower Rpipeline-CH4 and a longer transition zone. With the increase of CO2 injection pressure, the flowing fraction (F) in pore space decreased nearly linearly and more CO2 diffused into stagnant region to replace adsorbed CH4 in a shale, which resulted in a larger Rultimate-CH4. The mass transfer coefficient (Km) between the flowing and stagnant regions increased with the increase of CO2 injection pressure, which led to a smaller F and larger Rultimate-CH4. CO2 diffusion provided major contribution to CO2 dispersion at lower injection pressure, and mechanical mixing of CO2–CH4 offered predominant contribution to CO2 dispersion at higher injection pressure. Larger mechanical mixing accelerated the mixing of CO2–CH4, which was unfavorable for Rpipeline-CH4. Lower CO2 injection pressure was conductive to gain higher Rpipeline-CH4.

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