This paper investigates the nature of entropy generation in stratified sensible thermal energy stores (SSTES) during charging using a dimensionless axisymmetric numerical model of an SSTES. Time-varying dimensionless entropy generation rates and the cumulative entropy generation in SSTES were determined from finite volume computations. The aspect ratios (AR), Peclet numbers (PeD), and Richardson numbers (Ri), for the stores considered were within the ranges , and , respectively. Using the Bejan number (Be), the total entropy generation was shown to be almost entirely due to thermal effects in the SSTES. The Be is practically unity for most of the SSTES' charging duration. The contributions of radial thermal gradients to the thermal entropy generation were further shown to be largely negligible in comparison to the contributions of axial thermal gradients, except at low Ri. Entropy generation numbers, Ns, in the SSTES were also computed and found to increase with decreasing AR and PeD and with increasing Ri. PeD was found to have the most significant influence on Ns. Based on this axisymmetric analyses of time-varying entropy generation in SSTES, estimates have been obtained of (1) the relative significance of radial effects on entropy generation within SSTES and (2) the relative significance of viscous shear entropy generation mechanisms within SSTES.
Numerical Investigation of Entropy Generation in Stratified Thermal Stores
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received April 5, 2016; final manuscript received July 7, 2017; published online August 22, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Mohamed A. Habib.
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Njoku, H. O., Ekechukwu, O. V., and Onyegegbu, S. O. (August 22, 2017). "Numerical Investigation of Entropy Generation in Stratified Thermal Stores." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. January 2018; 140(1): 011901. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037535
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