Oxycoal combustion was numerically simulated in a lab-scale cylindrical furnace (Φ200 mm × 2 m) with high-velocity oxygen jets. The mesoscopic characteristics of turbulent flame behavior such as nondimensional numbers ReT, Ka, and Da were calculated under different jet positions and jet spacing. The results show that for coflow burners, large spacing (L = 75 mm) is not favored due to poor radial mixing and the restriction of wall; except L = 75 mm, as jet spacing increases, the oxidizer flow could be internally diluted to a lower concentration and preheated to a higher temperature, at least 1000 K; for L = 60 mm conditions, the maximum temperature increase is lower than the ignition temperature (437 °C), they are, namely, oxycoal moderate or intense low oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion. For MILD conditions, the mesoscopic parameters of the flame front where temperature gradient is the largest locate in the distributed regime corresponding to l/lF > 1, ReT > 1, Kaδ > 1, and Da < 1, the global regime is depicted as 1 < l/lF < 4, 60 < ReT < 150, 50 < Ka < 500, and Da < 1; for flaming conditions, the regime is depicted as 1 < l/lF < 6, 40 < ReT < 110, 10 < Ka < 800, and Da < 1.

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