The body core temperature is a measure of the health and well-being of a person. This temperature seldom varies from the average of 37 °C (98.6 °F) and has been used to gage a person’s wellness at any time. The current work reviews the published health and medical works about this topic, focusing on the effects of hypothermia, especially with respect to neurological issues. The controversy still exists, and the jury is out. A heat transfer researcher’s insight foresees the possible results and calls for more research in the field. In addition, a perspective is provided for a couple of traditional “truths” about related topics that have been challenged in recent times.

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