The paper provides long-term bivariate distributions of wave power with wave height, and wave power with wave period. This is relevant for assessments of wave power devices and their potential for converting energy from waves. The results can be applied to compare systematically the wave power potential for individual waves at different locations based on short-term statistical description of the individual waves and the long-term statistical information of the wave climate. Furthermore, it allows for assessment of the efficiency of a given wave power device for each location.

References

References
1.
Venugopal
,
V.
, and
Smith
,
G. H.
,
2007
, “
The Effect of Wave Period Filtering on Wave Power Extraction and Device Tuning
,”
Ocean Eng.
,
34
(
8–9
), pp.
1120
1137
.10.1016/j.oceaneng.2006.08.003
2.
Valerio
,
D.
,
Beirao
,
P.
, and
Sa da Costa
,
J.
,
2007
, “
Optimization of Wave Energy Extraction With the Archimedes Wave Swing
,”
Ocean Eng.
,
34
(
17–18
), pp.
2330
2340
.10.1016/j.oceaneng.2007.05.009
3.
Falnes
,
J.
,
2007
, “
A Review of Wave-Energy Extraction
,”
Mar. Struct.
,
20
(
4
), pp.
185
201
.10.1016/j.marstruc.2007.09.001
4.
Pontes
,
M. T.
,
1998
, “
Assessing the European Wave Energy Resource
,”
ASME J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng.
,
120
(
4
), pp.
226
231
.10.1115/1.2829544
5.
Beels
,
C.
,
Henriques
,
J. C. C.
,
De Rouck
,
J.
,
Pontes
,
M. T.
,
De Backer
,
G.
, and
Verhaeghe
,
H.
,
2007
, “
Wave Energy Resource in the North Sea
,”
Proceedings of 7th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
, Porto, Portugal, CD-Rom.
6.
Kerbiriou
,
M.-A.
,
Prevosto
,
M.
,
Maisondien
,
C.
,
Clément
,
A.
, and
Babarit
,
A.
,
2007
, “
Influence of Sea-States Description on Wave Energy Production Assessment
,”
Proceedings of the 7th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
, Porto, Portugal, CD-Rom.
7.
Smith
,
G. H.
,
Venugopal
,
V.
, and
Wolfram
,
J.
,
2006
, “
Wave Period Group Statistics for Real Sea Waves and Wave Energy Extraction
,”
Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part M
,
220
, pp.
199
215
.10.1243/14750902JEME37
8.
Myrhaug
,
D.
,
Leira
,
B. J.
, and
Holm
,
H.
,
2009
, “
Wave Power Statistics for Individual Waves
,”
Appl. Ocean Res.
,
31
(
4
), pp.
246
250
.10.1016/j.apor.2009.07.001
9.
Izadparast
,
A. H.
, and
Niedzwecki
,
J. M.
,
2011
, “
Estimating the Potential of Ocean Wave Power Resources
,”
Ocean Eng.
,
38
(
1
), pp.
177
185
.10.1016/j.oceaneng.2010.10.010
10.
Sheng
,
W.
, and
Lewis
,
A.
,
2012
, “
Assessment of Wave Energy Extraction From Seas: Numerical Validation
,”
ASME J. Energy Res. Technol.
,
134
(
4
), p.
041701
.10.1115/1.4007193
11.
Pastor
,
J.
, and
Liu
,
Y.
,
2014
, “
Power Absorption Modeling and Optimization of a Point Absorbing Wave Energy Converter Using Numerical Method
,”
ASME J. Energy Res. Technol.
,
136
(
2
), p.
021207
.10.1115/1.4027409
12.
Myrhaug
,
D.
,
Leira
,
B. J.
, and
Holm
,
H.
,
2011
, “
Wave Power Statistics for Sea States
,”
ASME J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng.
,
133
(
4
), p.
044501
.10.1115/1.4002739
13.
Baz
,
A.
,
Ezz
,
M.
, and
Bayoumi
,
M. S.
,
1979
, “
Optimization of Power Absorption From Sea Waves
,”
ASME J. Energy Res. Technol.
,
101
(
2
), pp.
145
152
.10.1115/1.3446905
14.
Brown
,
D. G.
,
Jones
,
D.
, and
Guenther
,
D. A.
,
1979
, “
Power Extraction From Ocean Surface Waves
,”
ASME J. Energy Res. Technol.
,
101
(
2
), pp.
141
144
.10.1115/1.3446904
15.
Maeda
,
H.
,
Kinoshita
,
T.
,
Masuda
,
K.
, and
Kato
,
W.
,
1985
, “
Fundamental Research on Oscillating Water Column Wave Power Absorbers
,”
ASME J. Energy Res. Technol.
,
107
(
1
), pp.
81
86
.10.1115/1.3231167
16.
Tucker
,
M. J.
, and
Pitt
,
E. G.
,
2001
,
Waves in Ocean Engineering
,
Elsevier
,
Amsterdam
.
17.
Myrhaug
,
D.
, and
Kjeldsen
,
S. P.
,
1987
, “
Prediction of Occurrences of Steep and High Waves in Deep Water
,”
J. Waterw. Port Coastal Ocean Eng.
,
113
(
2
), pp.
122
138
.10.1061/(ASCE)0733-950X(1987)113:2(122)
18.
Haver
,
S.
,
1985
, “
Wave Climate Off Northern Norway
,”
Appl. Ocean Res.
,
7
(
2
), pp.
85
92
.10.1016/0141-1187(85)90038-0
19.
Moan
,
T.
,
Gao
,
Z.
, and
Ayala-Uraga
,
E.
,
2005
, “
Uncertainty of Wave-Induced Response of Marine Structures Due to Long-Term Variation of Extratropical Wave Conditions
,”
Mar. Struct.
,
18
(
4
), pp.
359
382
.10.1016/j.marstruc.2005.11.001
20.
Mathiesen
,
J.
, and
Bitner-Gregersen
,
E.
,
1990
, “
Joint Distributions for Significant Wave Height and Wave Zero-Up-Crossing Period
,”
Appl. Ocean Res.
,
12
(
2
), pp.
93
103
.10.1016/S0141-1187(05)80033-1
21.
Bitner-Gregersen
,
E.
, and
Guedes Soares
,
C.
,
2007
, “
Uncertainty of Average Steepness Prediction From Global Wave Databases
,”
Proceedings of MARSTRUCT
, Glasgow, UK, pp.
3
10
.
22.
Gao
,
Z.
,
2007
, private communication.
23.
Myrhaug
,
D.
, and
Kjeldsen
,
S. P.
,
1984
, “
Parametric Modelling of Joint Probability Density Distributions for Steepness and Asymmetry in Deep Water Waves
,”
Appl. Ocean Res.
,
6
(
4
), pp.
207
220
.10.1016/0141-1187(84)90059-2
You do not currently have access to this content.