Over the last few years, different types of bits have been introduced to meet the challenges of steerable as well as rotary steerable systems; and it is imperative that bits be utilized optimally in these systems. As challenges increase with increasing depths, it becomes even more important for one to efficiently utilize the available energy (Robello, S., 2013, “Modeling and Analysis of Drillstring Vibration in Riserless Environment,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 135(1), p. 013101). A new correlation identifying inefficient drilling conditions is presented in this paper. Mechanical specific energy (MSE) has been used to improve drilling rates, with mixed results. Hydro MSE (HMSE), which is introduced here, encompasses hydraulic as well as mechanical energy. HMSE quantifies the amount of energy required to drill a unit volume of rock and remove it from underneath the bit. HMSE includes axial, torsional, and hydraulic energy and is different from MSE because it includes a hydraulic term. The initial MSE correlation (Teale, R., 1965, “The Concept of Specific Energy in Rock Drilling,” Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 2, pp. 57–73.) was modified to accommodate the new hydraulic term. This paper attempts to better model downhole drilling by introducing the hydraulic energy term in the MSE correlation by defining it as HMSE. While the majority of the drilling occurs because of the bit, it is a well-known fact that some drilling occurs due to the “jet impact impingement” caused by the drilling fluid as well. Experimental and field data presented in this paper show that HMSE can identify inefficient drilling conditions. The new hydraulic term included in the specific energy correlation is the key to correctly match the amount of energy required to drill and overcome the strength and stresses of formation being drilled. Also, this new term illustrates how much hydraulic energy is needed to drill faster when the mechanical energy (axial and torsional) is increased. The results also show the importance of including the bit hydraulic energy term into any specific energy analysis for drilling optimization. Field results reveal specific patterns for inefficient drilling conditions and also reveal a good correlation between calculated HMSE and the expected requirements for rock removal under existent conditions of stress at the bit face (Mohan, K., and Robello Samuel, F. A., 2009, “Tracking Drilling Efficiency Using Hydro-Mechanical Specific Energy,” SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, March 17–19, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, No. SPE 119421).
Comprehensive Hydromechanical Specific Energy Calculation for Drilling Efficiency
Halliburton R&D Division,
Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received April 16, 2013; final manuscript received July 1, 2013; published online September 3, 2014. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.
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Mohan, K., Adil, F., and Samuel, R. (September 3, 2014). "Comprehensive Hydromechanical Specific Energy Calculation for Drilling Efficiency." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. January 2015; 137(1): 012904. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4028272
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