This paper presents an artificial neural network (ANN) for forecasting the short-term electrical load of a university campus using real historical data from Colorado State University. A spatio-temporal ANN model with multiple weather variables as well as time identifiers, such as day of week and time of day, are used as inputs to the network presented. The choice of the number of hidden neurons in the network is made using statistical information and taking into account the point of diminishing returns. The performance of this ANN is quantified using three error metrics: the mean average percent error; the error in the ability to predict the occurrence of the daily peak hour; and the difference in electrical energy consumption between the predicted and the actual values in a 24-h period. These error measures provide a good indication of the constraints and applicability of these predictions. In the presence of some enabling technologies such as energy storage, rescheduling of noncritical loads, and availability of time of use (ToU) pricing, the possible demand-side management options that could stem from an accurate prediction of energy consumption of a campus include the identification of anomalous events as well the management of usage.
An Artificial Neural Network in Short-Term Electrical Load Forecasting of a University Campus: A Case Study
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 16, 2012; final manuscript received February 7, 2013; published online May 24, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Kau-Fui Wong.
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Palchak, D., Suryanarayanan, S., and Zimmerle, D. (May 24, 2013). "An Artificial Neural Network in Short-Term Electrical Load Forecasting of a University Campus: A Case Study." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2013; 135(3): 032001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4023741
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