Carbonate rocks have well-developed macropore and micropore systems, it is necessary to study the dual pore characteristics in carbonate rocks. In this paper, based on the original macropore network and micropore network, a stochastic upscaling method is used to build the dual pore network with the integration of macropores and micropores properties in carbonates together and upscale the dual pore network to a larger scale. This method is verified by geometry-topology and flow parameters comparison, which provides an important tool to microscopic flow research in carbonate media.

References

References
1.
Singh
,
K.
,
Holditch
,
S. A.
, and
Ayers
,
W. B.
,
2008
, “
Basin Analog Investigations Answer Characterization Challenges of Unconventional Gas Potential in Frontier Basins
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
130
(
4
), p.
043202
.10.1115/1.3000104
2.
Abousleiman
,
Y.
,
Cheng
,
A. H. D.
, and
Gu
,
H.
,
1994
, “
Formation Permeability Determination by Micro or Mini-Hydraulic Fracturing
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
116
(
2
), pp.
104
114
.10.1115/1.2906014
3.
Bryant
,
S.
,
Mellor
,
D.
, and
Cade
,
C.
,
1993
, “
Physically Representative Network Models of Transport in Porous Media
,”
AIChE J.
,
39
(
3
), pp.
387
396
.10.1002/aic.690390303
4.
Oren
,
P.-E.
, and
Bakke
,
S.
,
2002
, “
Process Based Reconstruction of Sandstones and Prediction of Transport Properties
,”
Transp. Porous Media
,
46
(
2–3
), pp.
311
343
.10.1023/A:1015031122338
5.
Blunt
,
M.
,
2001
, “
Flow in Porous Media—Pore-Network Models and Multiphase Flow
,”
Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci.
,
6
(
3
), pp.
197
207
.10.1016/S1359-0294(01)00084-X
6.
Valvatne
,
P. H.
, and
Blunt
,
M. J.
,
2003
, “
Predictive Pore-Scale Network Modeling
,”
SPE
Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition
,
Denver, CO
, Oct. 5–8, pp.
5083
5094
.10.2118/84550-MS
7.
Gopal
,
M.
, and
Jepson
,
W.
,
1998
, “
The Study of Dynamic Slug Flow Characteristics Using Digital Image Analysis—Part II: Modeling Results
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
120
(
2
), pp.
102
105
.10.1115/1.2795018
8.
Gopal
,
M.
, and
Jepson
,
W.
,
1998
, “
The Study of Dynamic Slug Flow Characteristics Using Digital Image Analysis—Part I: Flow Visualization
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
120
(
2
), pp.
97
101
.10.1115/1.2795032
9.
Li
,
C.
,
Xie
,
T.
,
Pournik
,
M.
,
Zhu
,
D.
, and
Hill
,
A.
,
2005
, “
Fine-Scale Simulation of Sandstone Acidizing
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
127
(
3
), pp.
225
232
.10.1115/1.1944027
10.
Khatami F.
,
S. R.
,
Safavisohi
,
B.
, and
Sharbati
,
E.
,
2007
, “
Porosity and Permeability Effects on Centerline Temperature Distributions, Peak Flame Temperature, Flame Structure, and Preheating Mechanism for Combustion in Porous Media
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
129
(
1
), pp.
54
65
.10.1115/1.2424964
11.
Békri
,
S.
,
Nardi
,
C.
, and
Vizika
,
O.
,
2004
, “
Effect of Wettability on the Petrophysical Parameters of Vuggy Carbonates: Network Modeling Investigation
,”
International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts
,
Abu Dhabi, UAE, Oct. 5–9, Report No. SCA2004-25
.
12.
Békri
,
S.
, and
Vizika
,
O.
,
2006
, “
Pore-Network Modeling of Rock Transport Properties: Application to a Carbonate
,”
International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts
,
Trondheim, Norway
,
Sept. 12–16
, Report No. SCA2006-22.
13.
Okabe
,
H.
,
2005
, “
Bridging Pore to Core-Scale Flow Properties Using Pore-Scale Modeling and Coreflood Simulation
,”
International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts
,
Toronto, Canada
, Aug. 21–25, Report No. SCA2005-33.
14.
Al-Kharusi
,
A. S.
, and
Blunt
,
M. J.
,
2008
, “
Multiphase Flow Predictions From Carbonate Pore Space Images Using Extracted Network Models
,”
Water Resour. Res.
,
44
(
6
), p.
W06S01
.10.1029/2006WR005695
15.
Lerdahl
,
T. R.
,
Rustad
,
A. B.
,
Theting
,
T. G.
,
Stensen
,
J. A.
,
Oren
,
P. E.
,
Bakke
,
S.
,
Boassen
,
T.
, and
Palatnik
,
B.
,
2005
, “
Pore- to Field Scale Multi-Phase Upscaling for IOR
,”
SPE
Europec/EAGE Annual Conference
,
June 13–16
,
Feria de Madrid, Spain
, pp.
281
291
.10.2118/94191-MS
16.
Pickup
,
G. E.
, and
Sorbie
,
K. S.
,
1996
, “
The Scaleup of Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media Using Phase Permeability Tensors
,”
SPE J.
,
1
(
4
), pp.
369
382
.10.2118/28586-PA
17.
Pickup
,
G. E.
, and
Hern
,
C. Y.
,
2002
, “
The Development of Appropriate Upscaling Procedures
,”
Transp. Porous Media
,
46
(
2–3
), pp.
119
138
.10.1023/A:1015055515059
18.
Jiang
,
Z.
,
Van Dijke
,
M. I. J.
,
Wu
,
K.
,
Couples
,
G.
,
Sorbie
,
K.
, and
Ma
,
J.
,
2012
, “
Stochastic Pore Network Generation From 3D Rock Images
,”
Transp. Porous Media
,
94
(
2
), pp.
571
593
.10.1007/s11242-011-9792-z
19.
Wu
,
K.
,
Jiang
,
Z.
,
Ma
,
J.
,
Couples
,
G.
,
Van Dijke
,
M. I. J.
, and
Sorbie
,
K. S.
,
2011
, “
Multiscale Pore System Reconstruction and Integration
,”
International Symposium of the Society of Core Analyst
s,
Austin, TX
, Sept. 18–21, Report No. SCA2011-36.
20.
Valvatne
,
P. H.
, and
Blunt
,
M. J.
,
2004
, “
Predictive Pore-Scale Modeling of Two-Phase Flow in Mixed Wet Media
,”
Water Resour. Res.
,
40
(
7
), p.
W07406
.10.1029/2003WR002627
You do not currently have access to this content.