The current paper reviews the effects of the oxygenated and nitrogenated additives to see the results of the physicochemical efficiency and performance through engine tests work by gas oil mixtures. The oxygenated compounds used in the formulations compose of 2-methoxy ethyl ether (MXEE), nitromethane, and nitroethane. The presence of ethanol and MXEE significantly alter the characteristics of flash point and distillation curve behaviors and marking up the cetane number, improving the fuel's performance in engine tests. The fuel formulations comprising 2–5% v/v additives, 5–10% v/v ethanol, and diesel 90–95% v/v were produced. The soot formation can be reduced by more than 50%, 30%, and 27% by application of the diesel formulations; E-NE5–10, E-NM5–10, and E-MX5–10, respectively.

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