Presented are the results of experiments designed to investigate flame lift-off behavior in the hysteresis regime for low Reynolds number turbulent flows. The hysteresis regime refers to the situation where the jet flame has dual positions favorable to flame stabilization: attached and lifted. Typically, a jet flame is lifted off of a burner and stabilized at some downstream location at a pair of fuel and coflow velocities that is unique to a flame at that position. Since the direction from which that condition is arrived at is important, there is an inherent hysteretic behavior. To supplement previous research on hysteretic behavior in the presence of no coflow and low coflow velocities, the current research focuses on flames that are lifted and reattached at higher coflow velocities, where the flame behavior includes an unexpected downstream recession at low fuel velocities. Observations on the flame behavior related to nozzle exit velocity and coflow velocity are made using video imaging of flame sequences. The results show that a flame can stabilize at a location downstream despite a decrease in the local excess jet velocity and assist in determining the effect of coflow velocity magnitude on hysteretic behavior. These observations are of utility in designing maximum turndown burners in air coflow, especially for determining stability criteria in low fuel-flow applications.

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