A one-dimensional transient model of a tubular solid oxide fuel cell stack is proposed in this paper. The model developed in the virtual test bed (VTB) computational environment is capable of dynamic system simulation. This model is based on the electrochemical and thermal modeling, accounting for the voltage losses and temperature dynamics. The single cell is discretized using a finite volume method where all the governing equations are solved for each finite volume. The temperature, the current density, and the gas concentration distribution along the axial direction of the cell are presented. The dynamic behavior of electrical characteristics and temperature under the variable load is simulated and analyzed. For easy implementation in the VTB platform, the nonlinear governing equations are discretized in resistive companion form. The developed model is validated with experimental results and can be used for dynamic performance evaluation and design optimization of the cell under variable operating conditions and geometric condition.

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