Gas-liquid two-phase flow exists extensively in the transportation of hydrocarbon fluids. A more precise prediction of liquid holdup in near-horizontal, wet-gas pipelines is needed in order to better predict pressure drop and size downstream processing facilities. The most important parameters are pipe geometry (pipe diameter and orientation), physical properties of the gas and liquid (density, viscosity and surface tension) and flow conditions (velocity, temperature and pressure). Stratified flow and annular flow are the two flow patterns observed most often in near-horizontal pipelines under low liquid loading conditions. Low liquid loading is commonly referred to as cases in which liquid loading is less than (200 bbl/MMscf). Low liquid loading gas-liquid two-phase flow at downward pipe was studied for air-water flow in the present study. The measured parameters included gas flow rate, liquid flow rate, pressure, differential pressure, temperature, liquid holdup, pipe wetted perimeter, liquid film flow rate, droplet entrainment fraction and droplet deposition rate. A new phenomenon was observed with air-water flow at low superficial velocities and with a liquid loading larger than The liquid holdup increased as gas superficial velocity increased. In order to investigate the effects of the liquid properties on flow characteristics, the experimental results for air-water flow are compared with the results for air-oil flow provided by Meng. (1999, “Low Liquid Loading Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow In Near-Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. Dissertation, U. of Tulsa.)
Experimental Study of Low Liquid Loading Gas-Liquid Flow in Near-Horizontal Pipes
Contributed by the Petroleum Division and presented at the ETCE 2001, Houston, Texas, February 5-7 2001 for publication of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the Petroleum Division, May 2001; revised manuscript received May 2003. Associate Editor: A. K. Wojtanowicz.
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Olive, N. R., Zhang , H., Wang, Q., Redus, C. L., and Brill, J. P. (November 18, 2003). "Experimental Study of Low Liquid Loading Gas-Liquid Flow in Near-Horizontal Pipes ." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. December 2003; 125(4): 294–298. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1625394
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