This paper incorporates a methanol reformer model with a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell system model for automotive applications. The reformer model and fuel cell system model have been integrated into a vehicle performance simulator that determines fuel economy and other performance features. Fuel cell vehicle fuel economy using on-board methanol reforming is compared with fuel economy using direct-hydrogen fueling. The overall performance using reforming is significantly less than in a direct-hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.
On-Board Reforming Effects on the Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Vehicles
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the AES Division, August 3, 2001; revised manuscript received April 5, 2002. Associate Editor: H. Metghalchi.
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Boettner, D. D., Paganelli, G., Guezennec, Y. G., Rizzoni, G., and Moran, M. J. (August 6, 2002). "On-Board Reforming Effects on the Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Vehicles ." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2002; 124(3): 191–196. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1488171
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