A new test facility was designed and constructed to simulate flow in a horizontal well with a single perforation. A total of 635 tests were conducted with Reynolds numbers ranging from 5000 to 60,000 with influx to main rate ratios ranging from 1/5 to 1/100, and also for the no-influx case. The flow behavior in a single-perforation new friction expression for a single-perforation horizontal well was developed. A new simple correlation for the horizontal well friction factor was developed by applying experimental data to the general friction factor expression. The new friction factor correlation and experimental data were compared with the Asheim et al. (1992) data and model, and showed that the new correlation performed better than the Asheim et al. (1992) model.

1.
Asheim
H.
,
Kolnes
J.
, and
Oudeman
P.
,
1992
, “
A Flow Resistance Correlation for Completed Wellbore
,”
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
, Vol.
8
, pp.
97
104
.
2.
Brekke, K., 1992, “New and Simple Completion Methods for Horizontal Wells Improve the Production Performance in High Permeability, Thin Oil Zones,” Paper No. SPE 24762, presented at SPE 67th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Washington, DC, October 4–7.
3.
Brice, B. W., 1992, “Production Impacts on ΔP Friction in Horizontal Production Wells,” Paper No. SPE 23666, presented at SPE Second Lation American Petroleum Engineers Conference, II LAPEC, Caracas, Venezuela, March 8–11.
4.
Daugherty, R. L., Franzini, J. B., and Finnemore, E. J., 1985, Fluid Mechanics With Engineering Applications, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, NY, pp. 88, 147–176.
5.
Denn, M. M., 1980, Process Fluid Mechanics, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp. 38, 125–129.
6.
Dikken, B. J., 1989, “Pressure Drop in Horizontal Wells and its Effect on Their Production Performance,” Paper No. SPE 19824, presented at SPE 64th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, October 8–11.
7.
Hornbeck
R. W.
,
Rouleau
W. T.
, and
Osterle
F.
,
1963
, “
Laminar Entry Problem in Porous Tubes
,”
The Physics of Fluids
, Vol.
6
, No.
11
, Nov., pp.
1649
1654
.
8.
Jeromin
L. O. F.
,
1970
, “
The Status of Research in Turbulent Boundary Layers With Fluid Injection
,”
Progress in Aeronautical Sciences
, Vol.
10
, pp.
65
189
.
9.
Joshi, S. D., 1991, Horizontal Well Technology, Pennwell Publishing Co., Tulsa, OK, pp. 379–419.
10.
Kato
H.
,
Fujii
Y.
,
Yamaguchi
H.
, and
Miyanaga
M.
,
1993
, “
Frictional Drag Reduction by Injecting High-Viscosity Fluid into Turbulent Boundary Layer
,”
Journal of Fluids Engineering
, June, Vol.
115
, pp.
207
212
.
11.
Kinney
R. B.
,
1968
, “
Fully Developed Frictional and Heat-Transfer-Characteristics of Laminar Flow in Porous Tubes
,”
International Journal of Heat Mass Transfer
, Vol.
11
, pp.
1393
1401
.
12.
Kloster, J., 1990, “Experimental Research on Flow Resistance in Perforated Pipe,” M.S. thesis, Norwegian Institute of Technology.
13.
Landman
M. J.
,
1994
, “
Analytic Modelling of Selectively Perforated Horizontal Wells
,”
Journal of Petrolem Science and Engineering
, Vol.
10
, pp.
179
188
.
14.
Moffat
R. J.
, and
Kays
W. M.
,
1984
, “
A Review of Turbulent-Boundary-Layer Heat Transfer Research at Stanford, 1958–1983
,”
Advances in Heat Transfer
, Vol.
16
, pp.
241
365
.
15.
Novy, R. A., 1992, “Pressure Drops in Horizontal Wells: When Can They Be Ignored?,” Paper No. SPE 24941, presented at SPE 67th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Washington, DC, October 4–7.
16.
Olson, R. M., and Eckert, E. R. G., 1966, “Experimental Studies of Turbulent Flow in a Porous Circular Tube with Uniform Fluid injection Through the Tube Wall,” ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, Mar., pp. 7–17.
17.
Ozkan, E., Sarica, C., Haciisiamoglu, M., and Raghavan, R., 1993, “The Influence of Pressure Drop Along the Wellboreon Horizontal Well Productivity,” Paper No. SPE 25502, Presented at SPE 1993 Production Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, OK, March 21–23.
18.
Schlichting, H., 1979, Boundary Layer Theory, Seventh Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, NY, pp. 378–402, 645–647.
19.
Seines, K., Aavatsmark, I., Lien, S. C., and Rushworth, P., 1990, “Important Reservoir Considerations for Horizontal Wells: A Field Example,” Paper No. SPE 21124, presented at SPE Latin American Petroleum Engineering Conference, Rio de Janerio, Brazil, October 14–19.
20.
Su, Z., and Gudmundsson, J. S., 1993, “Friction Factor of Perforation Roughness in Pipes,” Paper No. SPE 26521, Presented at SPE 68th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, TX, October 3–6.
21.
White, F. M., 1991, Viscous Fluid Flow, Second Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, NY. pp. 143–148, 262–263, 251– 435–436.
22.
Yuan, H., 1994, “Investigation of Single Phase Liquid Flow Behavior in a Single Perforation Horizontal Well,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
23.
Yuan
S. W.
, and
Finkelstein
A. B.
,
1956
, “
Laminar Pipe Flow With Injection and Suction Through a Porous Wall
,”
TRANS. ASME
, Vol.
78
, pp.
719
724
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.