A model is developed and experimentally verified to study the heat transfer in a high-temperature packed bed thermal energy storage system utilizing zirconium oxide pellets. The packed bed receives flue gas at elevated temperatures varying with time during the storage process and utilizes air for the recovery process. Both convection and radiation are included in the model of the total heat transfer between the gas and the pellets. It is found that thermal radiation and intraparticle conduction do not play a major role in the overall heat transfer in the packed bed under the specified operating conditions. An uncertainty analysis is performed to investigate the propagation of the uncertainties in the variables to the overall uncertainty in the model predictions and the experimental results.

1.
Adebiyi
G. A.
,
1991
, “
A Second-Law Study on Packed Bed Energy Storage Systems Utilizing Phase-Change Materials
,”
ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engineering
, Vol.
113
, pp.
146
156
.
2.
Adebiyi
G. A.
,
Hodge
B. K.
,
Steele
W. G.
,
Jalalzadeh
A.
, and
Nsofor
E. C.
,
1992
, “
Computer Simulation of a High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage System Employing Multiple Families of Phase Change Storage Materials
,”
ASME Conference Proceedings
, AES-Vol.
27
, HTD-Vol. 228, pp.
1
11
.
3.
Amiri
A.
, and
Vafai
K.
,
1994
, “
Analysis of Dispersion Effects and Non-Thermal Equilibrium, Non-Darcian, Variable Porocity Incompressible Flow Through Porous Media
,”
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
, Vol.
37
, No.
6
, pp.
939
954
.
4.
Balakrishnan
A. R.
, and
Pei
D. C.
,
1979
, “
Heat Transfer in Gas-Solid Packed Bed Systems. 3. Overall Heat Transfer Rates in Adiabatic Beds
,”
Industrial Engineering and Chemical Process Design and Development
, Vol.
18
, No.
1
, pp.
47
50
.
5.
Beasley
D. E.
, and
Clark
J. A.
,
1984
, “
Transient Response of a Packed Bed for Thermal Energy Storage
,”
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
, Vol.
27
, No.
9
, pp.
1659
1669
.
6.
Beasley
D. E.
,
Ramanarayanan
C.
, and
Torab
H.
,
1989
, “
Thermal Response of a Packed Bed of Spheres Containing a Phase-Change Material
,”
International Journal of Energy Research
, Vol.
13
, pp.
253
265
.
7.
Bradshaw
A. V.
,
Jonson
A.
,
McLachlan
, and
Chiu
Y-T.
,
1970
, “
Heat Transfer Between Air and Nitrogen and Packed Beds of Non-Reacting Solids
,”
Transactions of the Institute of Chemical Engineers
, Vol.
48
, pp.
T77–T84
T77–T84
.
8.
Chen
J. C.
, and
Churchill
S. W.
,
1963
, “
Radiant Heat Transfer in Packed Beds
,”
A.I.Ch.E. Journal
, Vol.
9
, No.
1
, pp.
35
41
.
9.
Coleman, H. W., and Steele, W. G., 1989, Experimentation and Uncertainty Analysis for Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
10.
Dwyer
H. A.
, and
Peterson
T.
,
1981
, “
Study of Turbulent Flow with Sensitivity Analysis
,”
AIAA Journal
, Vol.
19
, No.
10
, pp.
1309
1314
.
11.
Glicksman, L. R., and Decker, N., 1982, “Heat Transfer from an Immersed Surface to Adjacent Particles in a Fluidized Bed; the Role of Radiation and Particle Packing,” Proceedings of The Seventh International Heat Transfer Conference, Vol. 6, pp. 45–50.
12.
Gunn
D. J.
, and
De Souza
J. F. C.
,
1974
, “
Heat Transfer and Axial Dispersion in Packed Beds
,”
Chemical Engineering Science
, Vol.
29
, pp.
1363
1371
.
13.
Handley
D.
, and
Heggs
P. J.
,
1969
, “
The Effect of Thermal Conductivity of the Packing Material on Transient Heat Transfer in a Fixed Bed
,”
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
, Vol.
12
, pp.
549
570
.
14.
Hottel, H. C., and Sarofim, A. F., 1967, Radiative Transfer, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, NY.
15.
Jalalzadeh-Azar, S. A. A., 1992, “Design and Operation of a Test Facility for the Experimental Investigation of a High-Temperature Packed Bed Thermal Energy Storage System,” Ph.D. disseratation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.
16.
Kamiuto
K.
,
Saito
S.
, and
Ito
K.
,
1993
, “
Numerical Model for Combined Conductive and Radiative Heat Transfer in Annular Packed Beds
,”
Numerical Heat Transfer
, Vol.
23
, pp.
433
443
.
17.
Matsuo
T.
,
Fukagawa
M.
,
Fujimoto
M.
,
Ujisuga
S.
, and
Shimada
Y.
,
1991
, “
Analytical and Experimental Study of Thermal Characteristics for High Temperature Sensible Heat Storage System
,”
Proceedings of the ASME/JSME Thermal Engineering Joint Conference
, Vol.
3
, pp.
351
358
.
18.
Nasr
K.
,
Viskanta
R.
, and
Ramadhyani
S.
,
1994
, “
An Experimental Evaluation of the Effective Thermal Conductivities of Packed Beds at High Temperatures
,”
ASME Journal of Heat Transfer
, Vol.
116
, pp.
829
837
.
19.
Siegel, R., and Howell, J. R., 1981, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York, NY.
20.
Singh
B. P.
, and
Kaviany
M.
,
1991
, “
Independent Theory Versus Direct Simulation of Radiation Heat Transfer in Packed Beds
,”
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
, Vol.
34
, No.
11
, pp.
2869
2882
.
21.
Singh
B. P.
, and
Kaviany
M.
,
1992
, “
Modeling Radiation Heat Transfer in Packed Beds
,”
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
, Vol.
35
, No.
6
, pp.
1397
1405
.
22.
Shumann
T. E. W.
,
1929
, “
Heat Transfer: A Liquid Flowing Through a Porous Prism
,”
Journal of Franklin Institute
, Vol.
208
, pp.
405
416
.
23.
Sozen
M.
,
Vafai
K.
, and
Kennedy
L. A.
,
1991
, “
Analysis of Thermal Charging and Discharging for Sensible Heat and Latent Heat Storage Packed Beds
,”
AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer
, Vol.
5
, pp.
623
625
.
24.
Taylor, R. P., Hodge, B. K., and Steele, W. G., 1993, “Uncertainty Analysis in Piping Network Analysis and Design-Pump Selection Case Studies,” AICHE Paper 154e, presented at the AICHE Annual Meeting, St. Louis, MO.
25.
Vafai
K.
, and
Sozen
M.
,
1990
a, “
Analysis of Energy and Momentum Transport for Fluid Flow Through a Porous Bed
,”
ASME Journal of Heat Transfer
, Vol.
112
, pp.
690
699
.
26.
Vafai
K.
, and
Sozen
M.
,
1990
b, “
An Investigation of a Latent Heat Storage Porous Bed and Condensing Flow Through It
,”
ASME Journal of Heat Transfer
, Vol.
112
, pp.
1014
1022
.
27.
Wakao
N.
,
Kaguei
S.
, and
Funazkri
,
1979
, “
Effect of Fluid Dispersion Coefficients on Particle-to-Fluid Heat Transfer Coefficients in Packed Beds
,”
Chemical Engineering Science
, Vol.
34
, pp.
325
336
.
28.
Yagi
S.
,
Daizo
K.
, and
Wakao
N.
,
1960
, “
Studies on Axial Effective Thermal Conductivities in Packed Beds
,”
A.I.Ch.E. Journal
, Vol.
6
, No.
4
, pp.
543
546
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.