It has been shown that the overall strain of a fluid-filled porous elastic solid is not governed by the Terzaghi effective stress law. We show, in the context of anisotropic linear elasticity, that the overall strain may be resolved into a component which is the average strain of the solid matrix and a component due to change in relative pore geometry, and that the latter is determined by the Terzaghi effective stress. This leads to a simple form of the response laws and, in particular, to effective stress laws for overall strain (obtained previously) and for strain of the pore space.

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