A characterization of the dynamic interaction between an impacting tool and rock is presented. The analysis is based on the concept of rock fracture energy and on simple representations of the amount of fracturing and energy storage in the rock during fracture propagation. The governing equations are not complicated. They contain a small number of parameters and impose minimum restrictions on the form or sophistication of the model of the impacting tool. Simulation results are shown for bit-tooth drop tests on Indiana limestone under different values of the differential pressure across the rock face and for various heights of drop. The predicted dynamic force-penetration curves, force-time, displacement-time and velocity-time histories agree well with reported Laboratory data and demonstrate that the essential elements of tooth drop loading are adequately represented by the model.

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