PARC, a Xerox Company, is developing a low-cost system of peel-and-stick wireless sensors that will enable widespread building environmental sensor deployment with the potential to deliver up to 30% energy savings. The system is embodied by a set of radio-frequency (RF) hubs that provide power to automatically located sensor nodes and relay data wirelessly to the building management system (BMS). The sensor nodes are flexible electronic labels powered by rectified RF energy transmitted by the RF hub and can contain multiple printed and conventional sensors. The system design overcomes limitations in wireless sensors related to power delivery, lifetime, and cost by eliminating batteries and photovoltaic devices. Sensor localization is performed automatically by the inclusion of a programmable multidirectional antenna array in the RF hub. Comparison of signal strengths as the RF beam is swept allows for sensor localization, reducing installation effort and enabling automatic recommissioning of sensors that have been relocated. PARC has already demonstrated wireless power and temperature data transmission up to a distance of 20 m with 71 s between measurements, using power levels well within the Federal Communications Commission regulation limits in the 902–928 MHz industrial, medical and scientific (ISM) band. The sensor's RF energy harvesting antenna achieves high performance with dimensions of 5 cm × 9.5 cm.
Peel-and-Stick Sensors Powered by Directed Radio-Frequency Energy
Contributed by the Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING. Manuscript received October 12, 2017; final manuscript received December 22, 2017; published online May 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Kaushik Mysore.
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Eric Schwartz, D., Smith, C. J., Lee, J., Priya Gowri, S., Daniel, G., Lalau-Keraly, C., Baudenon, Q., and Saavedra, J. R. M. (May 9, 2018). "Peel-and-Stick Sensors Powered by Directed Radio-Frequency Energy." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. June 2018; 140(2): 020904. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039138
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