This paper discusses the design for reliability of a wire bond structure in a power electronic module based on computational approach that integrates methods for high fidelity analysis, reduced order modeling, numerical risk analysis, and optimization. This methodology is demonstrated on a wire bond structure in a power electronic module with the aim of reducing the chance of failure due to the wire bond lift off in a power electronic module. In particular, wire bond reliability of the power module related to the thermal fatigue material degradation of aluminum wire is one of the main concerns. Understanding the performance, reliability, and robustness of wire bond is a key factor for the future development and success of the power electronic module technology. The main focus in this study is on the application of reduced order modeling techniques and the development of the associated models for fast design evaluation and analysis. The discussion is on methods for approximate response surface modeling based on interpolation techniques using Kriging and radial basis functions. The reduced order modeling approach uses prediction data for the electrothermomechanical behavior of the power module wire bond design obtained through nonlinear transient finite element simulations, in particular, for the fatigue lifetime of the aluminum wire attached to the silicon chip and the warpage (displacement) of the wire in the module. These reduced order models are used for the analysis of the effect of design uncertainties on the reliability of these advanced electronics modules. To assess the effect of uncertain design data, different methods for estimating the variation of reliability-related metrics of the wire bond model are researched and tested. Sample-based methods, such as full-scale Monte Carlo and Latin hypercube, and analytical approximate methods, such as first order second moment (FOSM) and point estimation method (PEM), are investigated, and their accuracy is compared. The optimization modeling analyzes the probabilistic nature of the reliability problem of the aluminum wire bond structures under investigation. Optimization tasks with design uncertainty are identified and solved using a particle swarm optimization algorithm. The probabilistic optimization deals with two different characteristic performance metrics of the design, the electrothermomechanical fatigue reliability of the aluminum wire attached to the chip and the thermally induced warpage of the wire in the module structure. The objective in this analysis is to ensure that the design has the required reliability and meets a number of additional requirements.
Application of Kriging and Radial Basis Function for Reliability Optimization in Power Modules
University of Greenwich,
Contributed by the Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Electronic Packaging. Manuscript received March 27, 2012; final manuscript received March 18, 2013; published online April 12, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Shidong Li.
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Rajaguru, P., Stoyanov, S., Lu, H., and Bailey, C. (April 12, 2013). "Application of Kriging and Radial Basis Function for Reliability Optimization in Power Modules." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. June 2013; 135(2): 021009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024056
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