The ionic liquid butylmethylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (bmim)(PF6) and five different hydrofluorocarbon refrigerants were investigated as the working fluid pairs for a waste-heat driven absorption heat pump system for possible applications in electronics thermal management. A significant amount of the energy consumed in large electronic systems is used for cooling, resulting in low grade waste heat, which can be used to drive an absorption refrigeration system if a suitable working fluids can be identified. The Redlich–Kwong-type equation of state was used to model the thermodynamic conditions and the binary mixture properties at the corresponding states. The effects of desorber and absorber temperatures, waste-heat quality, and system design on the heat pump performance were investigated. Supporting experiments using R134a/(bmim)(PF6) as the working fluid pair were performed. Desorber and absorber outlet temperatures were varied by adjusting the desorber supply power and the coolant temperature at the evaporator inlet, respectively. For an evaporator temperature of 41 °C, which is relevant to electronics cooling applications, the maximum cooling-to-total-energy input was 0.35 with the evaporator cooling capability of 36 W and the desorber outlet temperature in the range of 50 to 110 °C.
Absorption Heat Pump/Refrigeration System Utilizing Ionic Liquid and Hydrofluorocarbon Refrigerants
Contributed by Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING. Manuscript received March 12, 2012; final manuscript received June 26, 2012; published online July 20, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Amy Fleischer.
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Kim, S., Kim, Y. J., Joshi, Y. K., Fedorov, A. G., and Kohl, P. A. (July 23, 2012). "Absorption Heat Pump/Refrigeration System Utilizing Ionic Liquid and Hydrofluorocarbon Refrigerants." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. September 2012; 134(3): 031009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007111
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