Solder bump inspection of surface mount packages has been a crucial process in the electronics manufacturing industry. A solder bump inspection system has been developed using laser ultrasound and interferometric techniques. In this research, modal analysis is important to correlate the defects with dynamic responses of packaged electronic devices under pulsed laser loading. The effect of solder bump defects on the mode frequencies and mode shapes is reported in this paper. The objective is to develop a modal analysis approach, which integrates analytical, numerical, and experimental methods. In particular, this paper discusses the analytical modeling, numerical modeling, and transient out-of-plane displacement measurements for a 6.35×6.35×0.6mm3 PB18 flip chip mounted on a FR4 board.

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