Development of flip-chip-on-glass (FCOG) assembly technology using anisotropic conductive adhesive/film (ACA/ACF) is currently underway to achieve fine pitch interconnections between driver IC and flat panel display. Conductive adhesives are characterized by fine-pitch capability and more environment compatibility. Anisotropic conductive adhesive/film (ACA/ACF) is composed of an adhesive resin and conductive particles, such as metallic or metal-coated polymer particles. In contrast to a solder type flip chip interconnection, the electric current passing through conductive particles becomes the dominant conduction paths. The interconnection between the particles and the conductive surfaces is constructed by the elastic/plastic deformation of conductive particles with contact pressure, which is maintained by tensile stress in the adhesive. Although loss of electric contact can occur when the adhesive expands or swells in the Z- axis direction, delamination and cracking can occur in the adhesive layer while the tensile stress is excessive. In addition to performing processing simulations as well as reliability modeling, this research investigates the contact force that is developed and relaxed within the interconnection during the process sequence by using nonlinear finite element simulations. Environmental effects, such as high temperature and thermal loading, are also discussed. Moreover, a parametric study is performed for process design. To improve performance and reliability, variables such as ACF materials, proper processing conditions are discussed as well. Furthermore, this study presents a novel method called equivalent spring method, capable of significantly reducing the analysis CPU time and make process modeling and contact analysis of the 3D ACA/ACF process possible.
Process Modeling and Thermal/Mechanical Behavior of ACA/ACF Type Flip-Chip Packages
Contributed by the Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING. Manuscript received by the EPPD May 10, 2001. Associate Editor: B. Courtois.
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Chiang, K. N., Chang, C. W., and Lin, C. T. (May 10, 2001). "Process Modeling and Thermal/Mechanical Behavior of ACA/ACF Type Flip-Chip Packages ." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. December 2001; 123(4): 331–337. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1389847
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